Land of India is not just limited to a great and sacred culture but it is also a holy hand of gods where many incarnations of the divine have manifested. There are many Puranic stories related to these incarnations. The whole universe, including the sun, stars, planets, constellations and five elements is governed mysteriously by the Supreme Being. It is an eternal truth that nothing possible without the supreme energy (Para-Brahma). Even though many people in today’s technology era are trying to force their views onto others about the non-existence of gods and deities, but the truth is they certainly realize the divine power in a way or other. Hinduism is also known as “Sanatana Dharma” which means eternal religion since time immemorial. There is a lot of knowledge about the whole universe, its origin, and expansion. Our Vedas and Puranas are a witness of the fact that whenever there is a harm to the religion and empowerment of demonic forces like misconduct and crime; god incarnates in various forms to free the world from demonic powers and save the people of truth and devotion. These incarnations re-establishes the dharma.
Similarly, when the entire earth and heavens were the victims of demons like Mahishasura, then all the gods gathered and with the inspiration of God almighty, they projected their energy into a single form and granted it various weapons and superpowers and made it invincible and auspicious. She is known by the name Adi Shakti, Maa Jagadamba, Durga or Amba in the whole world. Mother Durga is not only the protector of this world but also the giver of boons. The divine tales of Shiva and Shakti are narrated in a captivating manner in the Devi Bhagavata, and other Puranas like Surya, Shiva, Srimad-Bhagavatam etc. Without the power of Shakti, not a particle of the universe can move. Even the supreme witness Shiva (devoid of vowel “ee”) is like a corpse without the Shakti. Goddess Shakti incarnated on nine days in different forms like Jayanti, Mangala, Kali, Bhadrakaali, kapalini, Durga, Kshama, Shivaa, Dhaatri, Swaaha, Swadha etc. and slew the great demons like Shumbh-nishubha, Mahishasura, Raktabeeja etc. She helped the pupil of this world by removing their misery and helped in reestablishing the dharma.
Our ancient seers who were the well-wishers for the entire humanity have provided us with the appropriate methods of worshiping the goddess. Sage Medha advised King Suratha to worship and take refuge in goddess Durga who is the giver of prosperity, heavens, and liberation. By following this advice King achieved never-ending kingdom and fame. Since the time when goddess Durga took the form from the energies of various devatas, several people have devoted their lives and got great boons and grace from the goddess. What to talk of humans when even the celestial deities are themselves engaged in the worship of Shakti. Even Lord Rama himself worshiped goddess Durga during the Navratri to get victory over Ravana. In the whole of India, the energy of the goddess is celebrated during Chaitra Shukla pratipada and Ashwina Shukla pratipada every year in a grand manner. These are also known as Vasanta and Shaaradiya Navaratra. Apart from these, there are two other lesser known Navaratris which are celebrated by a fewer number of people. These are four major festivals for goddess Durga. The beginning of Vasanta (spring) season is a celebration for the agriculture-dominated nation like India. During these days, the crop of wheat is sown and on the other hand, the crops of paddy give hints of harvesting which brings an elated feeling to the farmers and to the whole of the country. On this auspicious occasion, the whole of the country worships goddess Durga with Vedic methods for nine days. This is the reason why it is called as “Navaratri”. As a result of worship of goddess Durga, people get rid of sorrow, obstacles, poverty, and diseases and obtains the desired results as a blessing.